The Weekend Word
Matthew 1:1-17 – The genealogy
If I began this class by saying “turn in your bible to the book of the last days, the end times”, I am sure that most would be flipping to the back to the Book of Revelation. No, right here at the very beginning of the New Testament we are at the end times.
The end times have come not with Blood Moons, but with the birth of Jesus Christ.
1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
- If something depended on your showing or proving your genealogy what would you do? What would you show? Could you do it? Would Ancestry.com satisfy?
- Why would a Jew need a genealogy? – To show that he was part of the covenant.
- What was the promise to David?- Someone from your line will rule on the throne.
- Was King Herod from the Davidic line? NO! Keep looking.
2 Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers,
- It is very interesting the narrow selection of names to make the genealogy list.
- Sarah the wife of Abraham – Rebekka the wife of Isaac – Rachel & Leah the wives of Jacob
- The 4 Matriarchs of the Bible – of the 12 tribes of Israel … don’t make the list.
- Tamar – Rahab – Ruth – Bathsheba (listed as ‘the wife of Uriah’) all of a ‘non pure past’ are mentioned.
3 and Judah the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez the father of Hezron, and Hezron the father of Ram,
- How Tamar contributed to the line – Genesis 38 (Judah & Tamar)
4 and Ram the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon the father of Salmon,
5 and Salmon the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed the father of Jesse,
- Rahab the prostitute (if you read her story, she was probably a madam) – what does this say about the bloodline of Jesus?
- Ruth – a Moabite outsider
6 and Jesse the father of David the king. And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah,
- It’s interesting that Matthew does not say Bathsheba’s name.
- I think it may be his way of saying – “don’t take pride in your lineage.”
- Bringing in Uriah, brings in David’s sin.
7 and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Abijah, and Abijah the father of Asaph,
- At Solomon we see the split with Luke’s genealogy which instead of descending from Solomon, descends from another son Nathan.
8 and Asaph the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, and Joram the father of Uzziah,
9 and Uzziah the father of Jotham, and Jotham the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz the father of Hezekiah,
10 and Hezekiah the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh the father of Amos and Amos the father of Josiah,
11 and Josiah the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the deportation to Babylon.
- The deportation is an important historical event in the genealogy.
- It’s like saying “if you are proud of your lineage, look at these ancestors – who gave away all of God’s promises.”
12 And after the deportation to Babylon: Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel and Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel,
13 and Zerubbabel the father of Abiud, and Abiud the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim the father of Azor,
14 and Azor the father of Zadok, and Zadok the father of Achim, and Achim the father of Eliud,
- Look at all of these unrecognizable names – but they are all tied in a chain to Messiah… forever.
15 and Eliud the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar the father of Matthan, and Matthan the father of Jacob,
16 and Jacob the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, who is called Christ.
17 So all the generations from Abraham to David were fourteen generations, and from David to the deportation to Babylon fourteen generations, and from the deportation to Babylon to the Christ fourteen generations.
- Why is this important? What have we learned?
- Jesus is the fulfillment of the Old Testament!!!
The Birth of Jesus Christ — Everything above this is Jesus’ earthly genealogy.
Everything below is his heavenly genealogy.
The above genealogy really only gets Jesus to having a right to be the king of Israel – not the savior – not the deliverer. He could have never redeemed men, never conquered death, never conquered sin, never conquered Satan and hell. For that He had to be God, and so Jesus was the God-man, 100% deity, 100% humanity, that is the message of Matthew 1, and so Matthew splits his chapter into two parts dealing with the human and then the divine.